Sunscreens

PCPC provides education and information to help a variety of stakeholders, including consumers, make informed decisions about sunscreens. 防晒和防晒霜是预防皮肤癌和皮肤过早老化的关键. 化妆品和个人护理产品行业以我们提供的创新防晒产品为自豪,帮助消费者免受太阳紫外线(UV)射线的有害影响.

Safety and Regulation of Sunscreens

Sunscreens are regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. As such, they must be shown to be both safe and effective using the FDA testing methods, and comply with all other requirements listed in the FDA’s OTC sunscreen monograph. FDA严格的防晒霜测试要求得到了全球专家和监管机构的认可. All sunscreens in the U.S. 必须使用相同的fda指定的临床试验来测试防晒系数(SPF)的性能.

Sunscreens Task Force

In collaboration with the Consumer Healthcare Products Association (CHPA), PCPC的防晒霜工作组(TF)积极地审查当前和新兴的科学, regulations and standards that may impact sunscreens. The TF frequently submits comments to the FDA on various topics, such as clinical safety testing requirements, labeling requirements and other topics of interest. 它还与标准制定组织合作,以建立可行的测试方法.

SUNucate Program

PCPC与美国皮肤病学会(AAD)一起,是一个长期的支持者 SUNucate program, 由美国皮肤外科协会(ASDSA)领导,与全国皮肤癌预防委员会合作. 这项公共卫生举措传播了人们对防晒行为重要性的认识,并努力消除妨碍人们获得重要防晒措施的障碍, such as sunscreens and sun-protective clothing.

The initiative’s centerpiece is the SUNucate model legislation该法案旨在确保儿童在学校或露营时不受限制地获得防晒产品. 示范立法——《浩博体育app》——允许学生和青年营的参与者在学校或营地拥有和使用局部防晒产品, or at an event or activity sponsored by the school or camp, without a physician’s note or prescription.

有报道称,由于防晒霜被列为非处方药,学校禁止学生持有防晒霜,因此发起了这一倡议. To date, 26 states and Washington, D.C.已经通过了与sunucate相关的措施,其他几个州还在等待采取行动.

Oxybenzone and Octinoxate Legislation in Hawaii

夏威夷的立法禁止了两种重要的成分——氧苯酮和桂皮酸盐, both approved by FDA for use in sunscreens — effective Jan. 1, 2021. 2021年初,夏威夷出台了扩大防晒霜禁用成分清单的额外立法. PCPC shares Hawaiians’ concern for the environment, particularly the coral reefs, 并致力于确保所有化妆品和个人护理产品的成分, including sunscreen UV filters, are sustainable and do not adversely impact the environment.

氧苯酮是少数fda批准的成分之一,提供有效的广谱保护,从UVA和UVB辐射, and has been approved for use since 1978. UVA射线能更深入地穿透皮肤,并已被科学证明会导致皮肤癌. 只有含有UVB和UVA两种成分的防晒霜才会被贴上“广谱保护”的标签,” preventing both premature aging and skin cancer. 桂皮酸盐在抵御UVB射线方面也起着关键作用,在许多防晒霜配方中都是必不可少的.

PCPC仍然非常关切的是,禁止夏威夷人获得含氧苯酮和桂皮酸盐的防晒霜产品的法律是基于不充分的科学研究,不符合世界各地监管机构使用的必要质量控制. 在夏威夷和世界各地,珊瑚礁数量下降的原因是众所周知的, including climate change, land-based pollution and other human activities, such as physical damage to corals from recreational activities, not sunscreens.

政府机构和环境组织——如国家海洋和大气管理局(NOAA), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and U.S. 珊瑚礁工作小组——已经确定全球变暖导致的海洋温度上升是珊瑚白化的主要原因. Addressing the major, 已证实的珊瑚礁退化原因是保护脆弱珊瑚礁生态系统的关键. To date, there is no convincing scientific evidence that, under naturally-occurring conditions, sunscreen ingredients are contributing to this issue.

The U.S. 是否有数量有限的经批准的防晒霜成分来生产保护消费者免受太阳辐射有害影响的产品. 根据不充分的科学数据就防晒霜做出环境管理决定,可能会导致意想不到的健康后果, such as fewer available sunscreens and, thus, an increase in the prevalence of skin cancer. 关于已发表的珊瑚毒性研究,存在着重大的知识缺口和数据可靠性问题,这些研究被用来证明最近国家对防晒霜/紫外线过滤器的限制是合理的. While we don’t have all of the answers, 显然,需要对紫外线滤光剂对珊瑚的影响进行更多的研究,以便科学界在可靠的研究基础上形成共识.

科学是化妆品和个人护理产品公司所做的一切的基础. 消费者有足够的防晒霜选择来满足自己的需求,这对公共健康至关重要. PCPC and our member companies seek to provide products, 教育和信息,使消费者能够在家庭安全使用防晒霜方面做出知情决定.

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